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Safe delivery and postpartum care

labor and delivery

In the last weeks of pregnancy, both mother and baby begin to prepare for birth. The fetus develops and grows in preparation for life outside the womb. As a pregnant woman, she undergoes many physiological, psychological, and social changes that gradually prepare her for childbirth and the role of a mother. From the beginning of labor, a remarkable change in the re ..

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Changes indicating the due date of the child's birth

As labor approaches, the body undergoes some changes that indicate the due date of the baby's birth, including: Dilution A woman may feel, when the scheduled date of delivery approaches, that the baby has descended and settled in the lower pelvis.   Braxton-Hicks contractions A pregnant woman in the second and third trimesters o ..

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The stages of labor and delivery

The process of labor is not a single fixed event, but rather a series of successive events. The first labor usually lasts between 12-24 hours, with an average of 14 hours. As for the labor of mothers who have given birth before, it lasts between 4-8 hours, with an average of 6 hours. The duration of labor and how it progresses varies from one woman to another and f ..

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Postpartum period

The postpartum period is the period following the birth process. It begins with the end of the third stage of childbirth, which is the expulsion of the placenta. The postpartum period is from 6 to 8 weeks after birth, by which the organs in the body return to their previous state before pregnancy. The first visit after the birth to the mother and child is very impo ..

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Symptoms and signs of puerperal woman depression :

Persistence of impatient associated with childbirth for more than two weeks Sudden and strong symptoms one or two months after birth. A sharp change in sleeping habits such as severe insomnia and lack of sleep despite feeling severe fatigue It may be the opposite, such as sleeping in deep sleep or abnormally long sleep A sharp change in ..

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Puerperal woman depression treatment

The most important treatment is psychological and moral support for the mother from all those around her, especially the husband Helping the mother to perform household chores as much as possible and not burdening her more than she can Changing the surrounding environment and leaving the house for family visits and trips. Trying to change the ..

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Signs of danger for woman during the postpartum stage

Vaginal bleeding and increased maternal blood Foul-smelling vaginal discharge High temperature (fever, 38°C or more) with or without a shudder Severe abdomen colic Extreme fatigue and exhaustion. Dyspnea Swelling of the extremities (hands and legs) and face with severe headache or confusion and blurred vision Cracked ni ..

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Signs of danger to the newborn

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Postpartum advice

During the postpartum period, the woman is advised of the following: Nutrition: Drink two liters of water a day, especially in the first weeks after birth. Take iron and calcium pills for at least three months after birth because of their importance in breastfeeding. For breastfeeding women: You need to consume an additional 500 calo ..

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